Strategies for Inclusion
This cross cutting research focuses on specific country examples of strategies for change, using active research methodologies, of ‘practice labs’ and ‘joint analysis’ as well as desk-based research with methodologies varying across case studies. Each case study has been chosen to ensure that a range of sub-issues pertinent to understanding political settlements are covered. They include examples: from fragile and non-fragile contexts; from peace processes which are largely externally driven to ones that are very local; Centrally we ask: what types of strategies in peace processes have proved effective in opening up the political settlement to a range of actors, and have these efforts stabilised or de-stabilised the peace settlement?
Case studies are our main qualitative research strategy and our main focus is on: Afghanistan, Colombia, DRC, Ethiopia-Ogaden, Nepal and Northern Ireland. We also have some comparative studies: borderlands, practice labs, and through our constitution-making project.
The case studies are used to explore the questions from across the other themes. However, we are particularly interested to know:
How do marginalised groups access the potential entry points of the post-agreement context (what we are terming the ‘formalised political unsettlement’):
- how do commitments to group inclusion open up opportunitites for broader equality claims to ‘piggy back’ on these commitments, and successfully press for broader forms of political equality?
- how do moments of sudden political change enable issues of marginalisation to be addressed which have not been adequately taken up during the formal negotiation process;
- in what ways do international norms have a heightened importance post-agreement, and how do local actors use them to leverage inclusion agendas? and
- when and how were groups empowered to ‘take back control’ of the state, destroying the shared arrangements of peace agreements, what role did moments of crisis play?
- Higazi, A., & Yousuf, Z. (2017). From cooperation to contention. Political unsettlement and farmer-pastoralist conflicts in Nigeria (PSRP Briefing Paper No. 15). London: Conciliation Resources.
- Thapa, D., & Ramsbotham, A. (2017). Two steps forward, one step back The Nepal peace process (PSRP Report). London: Conciliation Resources.