Navigating Inclusion: Exclusion amid Inclusion

Our research is focused centrally on how peace processes attempt to revise political settlements to make them more inclusive, in order to end violent conflict. How do they navigate inclusion? What types of trade-offs between different forms of inclusion do they encounter?  How do and should they approach these trade-offs?  What strategies do they use?  How can pacts to end conflict, be broadened into more widely inclusive social contracts? 

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  • How do different types of political settlements emerge, and what are the actors, institutions, resources, and practices that shape them?
  • How can political settlements be improved by internally driven initiatives, including the impact of gender inclusive processes and rule of law institutions?
  • How, and with what interventions, can external actors change political settlements?