Women’s Inclusion

All of our work integrates gender analysis, but we also consider inclusion of women as a substantive issue in its own right.  This cross-cutting theme therefore brings together our work exploring when and how women are excluded from public life by violence and conflict, and the inclusions and exclusions that a peace process brings.

We examine how forms of violence change through conflict, how the social standing and capacity of women changes.  We examine the strategies used by women locally and transnationally to intervene and influence peace settlements; how international law is used by women internally to acheive change; and the difficulties of gender and institutional transformation.

We specifically focus on the challenges and opportunities of formalised political unsettlement, for women’s strategies for change.

This theme is supported by our conceptual work on the ‘blind spots’ of political settlements analyis.  We also view women as a key category through which to explore the way in which an inclusion agenda that is not driven primarily by armed actors is enabled or disabled during peace processes with a priority of ending violence.

  • How do women challenge and expand peace settlement frameworks in formal politics and through social movements and organised activism for securing inclusive outcomes?
  • How have gender inclusive processes, for peace agreements and constitutions and institutional reform, played out in practice?
  • What does this experience tell us about the top-down process of bargaining between elites’?
  • What role does violence against women play in political settlement bargaining processes?
  • Given progressive international norm development (eg UNSC 1325 2000 on women, peace and security) to what extent do these standards give leverage to women in the continuous bargaining processes of the formalised political unsettlement?

Co-ordinators: Catherine O’Rourke and Fionnuala Ní Aoláin (TJI)