Category Archive: Peace Agreement

Ceasefire Arrangements

Ceasefire Arrangements Download the PA-X report This Spotlight asks When and how are ceasefires negotiated, and what are their critical elements? About: The PA-X Spotlight Series addresses questions regarding comparative peace processes, asked by those seeking to influence peace and transition processes. Each Spotlight provides brief comparative material regarding a key issue, sometimes with reference […]

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Introducing PA-X: A new peace agreement database and dataset

Introducing PA-X: A new peace agreement database and dataset Download journal article Abstract: This article introduces PA-X, a peace agreement database designed to improve understanding of negotiated pathways out of conflict. PA-X enables scholars, mediators, conflict parties and civil society actors to systematically compare how peace and transition processes formalize negotiated commitments in an attempt […]

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Sub-State Constitutions in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Settings: Workshop Report

Sub-State Constitutions in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Settings: Workshop Report Citation: Download report. Abstract: This report follows the Third Edinburgh Dialogue on Post-Conflict Constitution Building held at the University of Edinburgh on 9–10 December 2016. The dialogue, on ‘Substate Constitution Building in Fragile and Conflict-Affected Settings’, was organized by the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral […]

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Shared Education in Peace Agreements

Shared Education in Peace Agreements Citation: Download PA-X report. This Spotlight asks How do peace agreements provide for national belonging and unity through education curricula and unified history textbooks? About: The PA-X Spotlight Series addresses questions regarding comparative peace processes, asked by those seeking to influence peace and transition processes. Each Spotlight provides brief comparative […]

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Military Power- Sharing and Inclusion in Peace Processes

Military Power- Sharing and Inclusion in Peace Processes Citation: Download PA-X report. Military power-sharing is an effective tool for ending violence. Military power-sharing arrangements focus on the inclusion of groups key to the conflict, but in doing so can create perverse incentives to smaller groups outside of the main peace agreement consensus to assert their […]

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Business and Peace Agreements

Business and Peace Agreements Citation: Download PA-X report. Summary: Business provisions feature in peace agreements in a range of ways. Peace agreements can refer to the roles that businesses can play in peacebuilding or post-conflict reconstruction efforts. These contributions span from creating employment opportunities and generating economic growth, to actively assisting in processes to help […]

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Setting Aside the “Others”: Exclusion amid Inclusion of Non-dominant Minorities in Peace Agreements

Setting Aside the “Others”: Exclusion amid Inclusion of Non-dominant Minorities in Peace Agreements Citation: Download journal article. Abstract: This article analyzes the exclusion-amid-inclusion of “Others” within territorial power-sharing arrangements. While territorial power-sharing is often used to accommodate national minorities, it risks excluding non-dominant minorities at sub-state levels of governance. The article charts how negotiated settlements […]

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Political Power-sharing and Inclusion: Peace and Transition Processes

Political Power-sharing and Inclusion: Peace and Transition Processes Citation: Download PA-X report. Summary: This report sets out how peace negotiations and peace agreements formalize political power-sharing arrangements, using data from the PA-X database (www.peaceagreements.org). In particular, it aims to consider the tensions between the inclusion of political and military elites in the new dispensation and […]

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Economic Power-sharing, Conflict Resolution and Development in Peace Negotiations and Agreements

Economic Power-sharing, Conflict Resolution and Development in Peace Negotiations and Agreements Citation: Download PA-X report. Summary and key recommendations: This research report argues that there is a tension between the group accommodation ambitions of economic power-sharing, and economic reform focused on creating a broader social contract capable of delivering public goods. For peace and development, […]

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The ceasefire is essential – but what should happen next for peace in Afghanistan?

This article by Alexander Ramsbotham (Conciliation Resources) was first published by OpenDemocracy on 27 June 2018. So far a persistent theme of the Afghan conflict is the glaring gap between words and actions, with both sides talking peace while intent on waging war. Afghanistan is at a crossroads facing two possible futures: indefinite violent conflict, […]

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