Author : PSRP Category : knowledge-exchange, publications, research-capacity-building, rvi
[Image Copyright Rift Valley Institute: All Rights Reserved]
This post was published on the Rift Valley Institute website on 21 January 2016.
English summary: In January 2015, the Congolese army launched the Sokola II operations against the Rwandan rebel group FDLR. In this blog, Juvénal Twaibu discusses the effects of these operations in the southern part of South Kivu (Fizi, Uvira and Mwenga territories). Sustaining limited casualties, the FDLR dispersed into the Hauts Plateaux mountains and Itombwe forest. Although destabilized, the FDLR continues to engage in numerous revenue-generating activities such as traffic in minerals and cannabis and work as day-labourers. Whilst keeping a low profile, its members have intimidated civilians whom they suspect to have collaborated with the Congolese army during the operations. More recently, they have entered into a conflict with the Mai-Mai of Mahoro, which creates considerable tensions. As the Congolese military withdraws from the mountains after the operations, the population feels unprotected. The author concludes that military operations should be better planned in order to maximise their effect and minimize the risk to civilians and recommends that the FARDC stay in place for longer after the conclusion of operations against FDLR.