Economic Power-Sharing involves the distribution of resources and economic power between key groups or military actors. It can be seen how tensions over control of resources are resolved in peace negotiations.
Political approaches to economic power-sharing, which share power over economic resources and decisions. These can involve specified places for non-state actors or ethnic groups in key ministries, public corporations or economic institutions (e.g. central banks).
Territorial approaches to economic power-sharing, which involve forms of ‘fiscal federalism’ that go along with territorial power-sharing.
Specific ‘wealth-sharing’ arrangements for natural resources connected to the conflict (diamonds, oil, or minerals).
Other forms of economic power-sharing can take the form of land reform, payment of salaries to demobilised combatants, joint distribution of reconstruction funds, and reparations.
Economic power-sharing arising because parties agree to share power over resources which cross the new borders created by the peace agreement, such as forests, or fisheries.
Issues that must be considered include:
Mediation support can help re-frame economic power-sharing debates in ways which help manage the tension between the political drivers of economic power-sharing design, and the need for functional and accountable economic institutions.
Organisations involved in development assistance and peace promotion efforts, should have organisational capacity and modes of workings which:
See publications at: www.politicalsettlements.org/publications-database
In particular: Bell, C. (2018). Economic Power-sharing, Conflict Resolution and Development in Peace Negotiations and Agreements (No. PA-X Report, Power-Sharing Series). Edinburgh: Global Justice Academy, University of Edinburgh.
Dawes, M., 2016. Considerations for Determining when to Include Natural Resources in Peace Agreements Ending Internal Armed Conflicts. In Bruch, Muffett and Nichols (eds.). Post Conflict Peacebuilding and Natural Resource Management: Governance, Natural Resources and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding. London: Earthscan, Routledge [online].