The 2006 Comprehensive Peace Agreement in Nepal has been one of the most significant peace settlements in decades. However, the collapse of the first constituent Assembly in 2013 underlined the scale of the challenges and obstacles to consolidating peace and promoting development for the benefit of all Nepalese. This case study examines the trade-offs between different negotiation processes (e.g. the constitutional process over transitional justice legislation), and their impact on the political settlement is considered, along with the motivations and interests of different actors.
The project methodology is active and participatory, developed in partnership with the local civil society organisation the Nepal Transition to Peace Institute. Initial practice labs were held followed by a joint stakeholder analysis workshop, resulting in an extensive review of how issues of inclusion were navigated.
The project is important in understanding how international and external actors in practice attempt transformation. Nepal is an important case study because: it was where a large-scale transformation was attempted in a fragile and conflict-affected state, which has involved multiple transformation interventions across governance, conflict and political bargaining front; there was concerted and significant multi-agency external intervention; and there are enduring question-marks over the effectiveness of both internal and external processes to deliver transformation of the political settlement. Our research also considers how a major event, such as the 2015 earthquake, can affect and shape developments.
Jonathan Cohen, Zahbia Yousuf, and Alexander Ramsbottom (Conciliation Resources)
Key Publications (search for more):
- Anderson, R. (2017). Nepal Case Study (PSRP Briefing Paper No. 20). Edinburgh: Global Justice Academy, University of Edinburgh.
- Adhikari, M. (2018). India in South Asia: Interaction with Liberal Peacebuilding Projects. India Quarterly: A Journal of International Affairs, (Online 1 April 2018)
- Baniya, B., Kharel, S., Thapa, D., & Ramsbotham, A. (2017). Gender and Nepal’s transition from war (PSRP Report). London: Conciliation Resources.
- Bell, C. (2017). Navigating Inclusion in Peace Settlements, Human Rights and the Creation of the Common Good. London: British Academy.
- Close, S. (2018). Gendered Political Settlements: Examining Peace Transitions in Bougainville, Nepal and Colombia (PSRP Report). London: Conciliation Resources.
- Neelakantan, A., & Ramsbotham, A. (2016). Peace, Power and inclusive change in Nepal: Political Settlements in Practice (PSRP Report). London: Conciliation Resources.
- Thapa, D., & Ramsbotham, A. (2017). Two steps forward, one step back The Nepal peace process (PSRP Report). London: Conciliation Resources.
- Author : Harriet Cornell
- Category : Case Studies, Nepal, Peace Processes
- Date : July 16, 2015
- Tags : Nepal