Navigating Inclusion in Peace Transitions: Beyond Elite Bargains

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Policy Points: 

  • Inclusive change is slow and incremental. Support to inclusion in peace processes requires realistic, long-term goals and sustained commitment.
  • Inclusive change is essentially an internal agenda and is highly politicised. External engagement is best provided through support or guidance.
  • Conflict resolution frameworks that prioritise the inclusion of particular groups may make other forms of inclusion harder; external actors can adopt approaches that anticipate and mitigate exclusionary outcomes.
  • Formal legal instruments can embed and protect inclusion commitments from reactionary pushback.
  • Support to excluded groups should be accompanied with incentives to those threatened by inclusion.
  • Supporting inclusion at sub-national levels is essential for sustainability and requires specific and disaggregated measures.

Keywords: Inclusion; Transitions; Transitional Justice

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