New PA-X Report Series

PA-X Database
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PSRP launched a new series of PA-X reports.

Four PA-X reports have recently been published in the series. They draw findings from the PA-X database, containing ca. 1500 peace agreements from around 150 peace processes between 1990 and 2016. Each report also provides key recommendations.

Jan Pospisil (PSRP fellow, ASPR) uses ten variables to assess the claim that statebuilding is the best way to build peace, in Building States while Building Peace? Statebuilding and Security Sector Reform in Peace Agreements. The report notes the prevalence of statebuilding agendas in peace agreements in the early post-Cold War years, only to observe that after a peak in the early 2000s, the number of such agendas stabilises at a high level. The report further engages with the main approaches to statebuilding in peace processes and the probable explanations for statebuilding in peace agreements.  More…

Three reports in the power-sharing sub-series take a look at territorial, political and economic power-sharing respectively.

In Territorial Power-sharing and Inclusion in Peace Processes, PSRP researcher Laura Wise describes the various forms territorial power-sharing can take. The report inter alia addresses the critical decisions relating to inclusion in territorial power-sharing arrangements. Key decision-making issues include how to manage boundaries, the creation of multilevel political institutions and the division of their responsibilities, mechanisms for resolving disputes between the levels, a potentially new nature of the state as well as the anticipation of new ‘minority-majority’ dynamics. More…

PSRP director Christine Bell notes political power-sharing options, in Political Power-sharing and Inclusion: Peace and Transition Processes. The report addresses the key tension between meeting demands of salient political and military elites via ‘elite pacts’ formalised in political power-sharing arrangements aimed to achieve short term stability, and broader social inclusion objectives that sustain peace and prevent conflict in the long term, i.e. including women and ‘non-aligned’ minorities. More…

In Economic Power-sharing, Conflict Resolution and Development in Peace Negotiations and Agreements, Bell addresses the issue of economic distribution, management and decision-making in conflict-affected states. The report notes five main forms by which economic power-sharing is achieved in peace negotiations and agreements. It draws out a number of recommendations from the findings and focused on the tension between involved groups’ economic power-sharing ambitions and economic reform seeking to create a broader social contract to deliver public goods. More…

For more PSRP publications, visit our publication database.