Case Studies: Strategies for Inclusion

This theme focuses on how marginalized groups access the potential entry points of the post-agreement context.  Centrally we ask: what types of strategies in peace processes have proved effective in opening up the political settlement to a range of actors, and have these efforts stabilised or de-stabilised the peace settlement? More…


The case studies are used to explore the questions from across the other themes. However, we are particularly interested to know:

How do marginalised groups access the potential entry points of the post-agreement context (what we are terming the ‘formalised political unsettlement’):

  • how do commitments to group inclusion open up opportunitites for broader equality claims to ‘piggy back’ on these commitments, and successfully press for broader forms of political equality?
  • how do moments of sudden political change enable issues of marginalisation to be addressed which have not been adequately taken up during the formal negotiation process;
  • in what ways do international norms have a heightened importance post-agreement, and how do local actors use them to leverage inclusion agendas? and
  • when and how were groups empowered to ‘take back control’ of the state, destroying the shared arrangements of peace agreements, what role did moments of crisis play?