Concepts: Navigating Inclusion

Our research is focused centrally on how peace processes attempt to revise political settlements to make them more inclusive, in order to end violent conflict. A key part of this work is to understand conceptually the relationship between conflict, peace, inclusion and exclusion.  This strand of our work involves understanding what types of inclusion peace processes aim for, how particular peace process design issues affect the inclusion projects that are possible, and how different forms of inclusion can create other forms of exclusion?  Centrally we explore how ‘elite pacts’ pacts to end conflict, can be widened into more widely inclusive social contracts?

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  • How do different types of political settlements emerge, and what are the actors, institutions, resources, and practices that shape them?
  • How can political settlements be improved by internally driven initiatives, including the impact of gender inclusive processes and rule of law institutions?
  • How, and with what interventions, can external actors change political settlements?