PSRP Country Summary: Nepal
The Political Settlements Research Programme is working on a number of initiatives and publications relating to inclusive peace making and sustainable peace in Nepal, including digital platforms for peace, data visualisations, publications, and blogs. To learn more, browse our key outputs on Nepal below.
Key PSRP Publications & Resources
Journal Article: Breaking the Balance? The Impact of Peacekeeping Deployments on Civil–Military Relations (Feb 2020)
In this article, Monalisa Adhikari examines the impact that deployments under UN peacekeeping missions have on the domestic politics of troop contributing countries (TCCs). Using a detailed case study of Nepal’s deployment of peacekeepers, this article makes the following argument: the UN has not prioritized making peacekeeping deployments conditional on respect for civilian supremacy by the security forces of TCCs. Yet, deploying peacekeepers may bring significant institutional, political and financial benefits to security forces, most notably the military, which directly and indirectly impacts the civil–military relations in TCCs.
Report: Navigating inclusion in peace processes (PSRP Report, Accord) (Mar 2019)
In addressing some of the practical challenges of navigating inclusion in peace processes, Andy Carl structures this publication around three areas of enquiry:
1. Frameworks for understanding inclusion in peace processes
2. Inclusion in practice in national peace processes – with ‘deep dive’ case studies of Colombia and Nepal
3. Inclusion in practice in sub- and supra-national peace processes – with case studies on Turkey, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Syria and Afghanistan
Journal Article: Gendered political settlements and peacebuilding: mapping inclusion in practice (Feb 2019)
In this paper, Zahbia Yousuf and Sophia Close look at practice-research methods used by Conciliation Resources (CR), an international peacebuilding organisation, as part of the Political Settlements Research Project. The paper explores how co-learning approaches were developed and designed between CR and its partners: including how questions of inclusion, gender and political settlements were adapted to specific contexts; the approaches and methods developed; and the challenges and potential for research to influence peacebuilding practice.
Report: Borderlands and Peacebuilding: a View from the Margins (PSRP Report, Accord) (Nov 2018)
In this report, Sharri Plonski and Zahbia Yousuf look at peacebuilding in borderland regions and how peace and transition processes address the interests of borderland communities. The report presents seven case studies including Syria, north-eastern Kenya, Tunisia, Northern Ireland, Ukraine, Nepal and Myanmar.
In this report, Zahbia Yousuf looks at how inclusion is negotiated in peace processes and associated avenues for resolving conflict and effecting political change. It also considered how peacebuilding transitions and interventions have interacted with ‘local politics’ (class, clientalism, bureaucratic power, elite interest, violence and gender). This research examines how change is perceived locally, by the people that experience it and have a direct interest in its outcomes. It explored strategies used by different groups to influence political change, as well as the formal and informal barriers faced.
Based on analysis of three contexts (Bougainville, an autonomous region of Papua New Guinea, Nepal and Colombia), Sophia Close explores how gender inclusion – meaningful participation at all levels of decision making, regardless of a person’s gender identity – is negotiated in elite-led peace processes and political settlements in conflict-affected contexts, and how international and national actors can support it effectively.
Journal Article: India in South Asia: Interaction with Liberal Peacebuilding Projects (Apr 2018)
In fragile and conflict-affected States (henceforth FCAS) in South Asia, two distinct forms of international engagement have worked simultaneously—the engagement of India, the regional hegemon, and that of Western states that promote liberal peacebuilding projects. In this article, Monalisa Adhikari primarily argues that in order for India to play a constructive role in the region, it needs to devise a policy on how it engages with liberal peacebuilding norms and its diffusion in practice through a variety of organisational and institutional networks.
Report: Gender and Nepal’s transition from war (PSRP Report, Accord) (Sep 2017)
In this report, Jeevan Baniya, Sambriddhi Kharel, Deepak Thapa and Alexander Ramsbotham explore gender relations and equality and Nepal’s transition from war. Focus areas include: affirmative gender action in the transition, for example regarding politics, employment or development; gender perspectives on specific aspects of the transition, such as security sector reform, access to justice and political participation; gendered experiences, expectations and priorities of marginalised groups, including women, sexual minorities, Dalits (‘low caste’), Janajatis (indigenous communities) and Madhesis (from the southern Tarai plains); and how different identities intersect.
In this report Christine Bell argues that peace settlements often produce compromises between parties at the heart of conflict, which are difficult to deepen into broader political commitments to govern for all in the interest of ‘the common good’. Sections of this report were co-authored with Rachel Anderson, Robert Forster, Max Jaede, Astrid Jamar, Sean Molloy, Jan Pospisil, Asanga Welikala, and Laura Wise, all of whom are researchers associated with the Political Settlements Research Programme.
Briefing Paper: Nepal Case Study (PSRP Briefing Paper No. 20) (2017)
In this case study, Rachel Anderson intends to inform a British Academy project on “Negotiating Inclusion in Times of Transition”.
In this report, Alexander Ramsbotham and Deepak Thapa review Nepal’s peace process and take a special focus on the function of power on inclusion, and the role of the peace process as a means to facilitate transition from negative to positive peace, or from horizontal (elite) to vertical (societal) inclusion.
In this paper, Anagha Neelakantan, Alexander Ramsbotham and Deepak Thapa track some of the ways in which inclusion has progressed through post-war transition in Nepal, and how it has navigated shifting power dynamics. They explore how power is configured in Nepal, what inclusion means and how it has been applied politically, and how change has happened – through formal and informal channels, as well as the continuing role of violence.